The heart is the second most important organ of the human body, after the brain. And it is a strong muscle working to pump blood to all parts of the body through a complex network of arteries and veins, in addition, the heart is located in the center of the chest, which is the primary organ of the circulation. It beats constantly, and its cessation means the death.
Cardiac therapy is a branch of medicine that specializes in treating cardiovascular disorders that are usually divided into congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, heart disease, and valves. That there are thousands of patients all over the world prefer Turkey more than many countries for treatment and heart surgery. This is due to the progress of Turkey, its high degree of development, and use of the latest technology in the treatment of patients. Most hospitals in Turkey have got a credence from JCI, the Joint Commission International, and (JACHO), the Joint Committee for the Accreditation of Health Care Organizations. In addition, the cost of cardiovascular surgery in Turkey is less than 65 to 80%.
At recent years, many cardiac surgeries are performed, such as valve replacement, heart replacement, artificial heart transplant and transfer it from another person, or cardiac organ transplantation, such as artificial heart transplantation, in addition, surgeries on large arteries such as the aorta.
Open-heart surgery is done by cutting open a chest to treat muscles, valves, or arteries of the heart. During that general anesthesia will be used. Open-heart surgery is sometimes called traditional heart surgery because today, several new heart surgeries can be applied with small incisions.
The most common types of open-heart surgery:
CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFTING (CABG): The most common type of heart surgery done on adults. a portion of a healthy blood vessel will be taken from somewhere else in the body, then it will be grafted (attached) to a blocked coronary artery to create a new route around the blocked part of a blood vessel and bring fresh blood into the heart.
HEART VALVE PROCEDURES: To treats heart valves from narrowing, blockage, or leaking. If it will be can’t repair the valve, the specialists will replace it with one else, either a biological or mechanical valve.
HEART TRANSPLANT: It is a Replacing a badly damaged heart with a healthy donated heart.
Closed heart surgeries mean that the heart will not need to be opened up, the surgery may be required entry into the chest from the sternotomy or from the side between the ribs. This type of surgery deals with the major arteries that carry blood to and from the heart.such as ligation of patent ductus arteriosus, repair of coarctation of the aorta, and the placement of pulmonary artery bands.
Some closed heart surgeries are temporary or palliative, it is often performed on young children who have heart defects that require staged surgeries because they must be older before additional surgery can be done.
General anesthesia will be given.Post-operative hospital stays and recovery time are generally shorter than for open heart surgeries – usually a few days.