Obesity is one of the biggest and widespread health problems we face. Where the person has abnormal or excessive fat accumulation in the body, to the extent that it could affect the health. Obesity leads to increasing the risk of many chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disorders, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, some cancers, musculoskeletal disorders and respiratory problems. Body mass index (BMI) is used as a measure of obesity. For adults, WHO defines overweight, if BMI greater than or equal to 25. And obesity is a BMI greater than or equal to 30.
Causes of obesity
People will have overweight when they consume more calories than they burn. That means energy imbalance, which is considered the main cause of obesity.
The most important causes of obesity:
Treatment of obesity
Obesity treatment options include lifestyle changes, diet, weight-loss medications, Exercise, and activity. If you are overweight and no one of these options has helped you lose enough weight, you may need to have a Bariatric Surgery in turkey to reach and stay at a healthy weight.
Bariatric Surgery in Turkey
It is an effective treatment to combat obesity, keep weight off long-term, reduce diseases associated with obesity, and improve your health. The weight loss Turkish hospitals are famous for using the latest methods and having surgeons who perform surgical care with the high level of efficiency, safety. In addition, Bariatric Surgery hospitals are accredited by international standard-setting bodies including JCI and CIBMTR. In fact, the low cost of Bariatric Surgery in Turkey is considered as the most important cause to attract patient tourists. Despite provision the best degrees of health care and adoption of the most advanced surgical techniques.
There are various types of Bariatric Surgery procedures offered in Turkey:
Gastric bypass surgery: This surgery is very common for the patients with BMI over 40. It is dependent on shrinking the size of the stomach and redirecting the process of digestion to the reduction of the calories that will be absorbed. It is performed under general anesthesia and will be last around 2-4 hours. This surgery can be done with open surgery or using a tiny camera, called a laparoscopy.
Gastric Bypass (Roux-en-Y): One of gastric bypass surgery types. Where the stomach will be divided into a small upper section (called pouch) and a larger bottom section through a small cut, then a small pouch will be attached to a section of the small intestine, bypassing the rest of the stomach.
Extensive Gastric Bypass: also called Biliopancreatic diversion (BPD). It is a more complicated type of gastric bypass surgery. In this surgery the small upper section of the stomach will be attached to the lower portion of the small intestine, bypassing the duodenum and jejunum. This method is not widely used because of the risk of nutritional deficiencies.
Gastric Sleeve: It is a very simple procedure, last around 1 hour and with low rates of serious complication. During the surgery, a part of the stomach will be removed and joined the remaining portions together to make a new sleeve-shaped stomach. Plus, the doctor will remove the part of the stomach that produces hunger hormone ghrelin, so the patient will not feel hungry as before and will help him lose weight.
Note: Gastric Sleeve and Gastric bypass surgery are both permanent, reduce hungry feeling, and achieve the highest rate of weight loss.
Laparoscopic Gastric Plication: It is a similar procedure to Gastric Sleeve, but sews the stomach in on itself. The stomach size will be reduced by about 70% and the patient will sooner feel full. This surgery is performed under General Anesthesia and lasts about 40 min – 2 hours.
Gastric Band: This surgery is performed to a restriction of food passage by placing an adjustable silicone ring around the upper part of the stomach. Which forms two chambers and narrow outlet to slow the emptying of food. It takes about one hour and is performed by laparoscopy.
Gastric Balloon: this is a new type of weight-loss procedure, depended on placing silicone inflated balloon in the stomach. That leads to feel full sooner while eating, eat less, and reduced weight. This procedure is performed by an endoscope that will be inserted into the mouth. This process last 20-30 minutes. The balloon will be removed after 6 months. After that, the doctor will place a new balloon if the case needs that.
Primary Obesity Surgery Endolumenal (POSE): It is a procedure that reduces the size of the stomach through a tube which is inserted through THE mouth (endoscope). The specialized tools will access into the stomach through the tube. The size of the stomach pouch will be shrunk, by making folds in the tissue and fasten them together. It is safer than other surgical bariatric types because it will be not required incisions to reduce the size of the stomach.
EndoBarrier Therapy: It is a new method of weight loss and control of type 2 diabetes. This method is performed with a non-surgical process. The EndoBarrier medical device will be placed in the intestine by using a thin tube through the mouth. This device Prevent food touching the cells of the upper part of the intestines so that fat and sugars will not be absorbed. It takes about 30 minutes and the results will be achieved after 12 months maximum.
The decision to get weight loss surgery is a life-changing step, for this reason, our specialists will be on your side every time of the way to help you in a new, healthy lifestyle.
After having weight loss surgery in Turkey, the most care will be taken, to ensure that each individual receives the highest level of follow-up care in a warm and relaxed environment.